الهروب من الحرب الأهلية – مصر نموذجا

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أصدر مركز التنوع لفض النزاعات كتابا جديدا بعنوان (الهروب من الحرب الأهلية – مصر نموذجا) ، للباحث/ ياسر الغرباوي المتخصص فى قضايا فض النزاعات وصناعة السلام، وقد جاء الإصدار الجديد متضمناً أربعة محطات رئيسة تجمع بين الحماسة الفكرية المتدفقة، والمغامرات الأيديولوجية المُثيرة، وتجارب الأمم العاقلة، ومنجزات الأفراد الباهرة التى حققت تقدما فى بسط السلام والوفاق بين جنبات مجتمعاتها؛ فرسالة الكتاب الواضحة هى توفير أدوات معرفية إنسانية جديدة تمكن المجتمع العربي من تجاوز منطق الشقاق والفتنة والكراهية، وتساعده فى تفكيك الألغام الطائفية، ومقاومة الأفكار العنصرية، ومجابهة دعاه الحرب الأهلية.
 
الفصل الأول "الحروب الأهلية رؤية فى عالم الأفكار" مملوء بالسجالات الفكرية العميقة؛ التى تهدف إلى تنقية الأدمغة والعقول من الأفكار المتعصبة الضارة، والسموم الطائفية القاتلة، والتصورات الدينية الضيقة، والخرافات التاريخية المُربكة، والدعاوي السياسية العنصرية التى لا ترحب بالإختلاف،ولاتقبل بالتعايش، وتحارب التسامح، وتمتهن المُخالف.
 
الفصل الثاني "الحروب الأهلية فى ضوء التجارب الإنسانية" يعرض فيه المؤلف قرابه عشرة تجارب متنوعة لبلدان وشعوب وأمم خاضت غمار المعارك الأهلية والتوترات الإجتماعية ونجحت فى تجاوزها وعبورها نحو الاستقراروالإزدهار؛فقد تناول تجارب من قارة أمريكا الجنوبية فى تطبيق العدالة القضائية، ثم ننطلق منها شمالاً إلى الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية فعرض تجربتها تنظيم العلاقات العسكرية المدنية بها، وتناول أيضا خبرات من قارة أفريقيا، وأسيا،وأوربا.
 
والفصل الثالث "ثورات الربيع العربي ومعضلة الحرب الأهلية"  يقول فيه  الغرباوي"إن انتصار الثورات العربية وتحقيق أهدافها لايمكن أن يحصل بدون تجسد قيم التسامح والمشاركة بين كل مكونات المجتمع داخل الدولة؛ فإسقاط الأنظمة المستبدة لا يعنى النجاح فى بناء مجتمع ينعم بالتسامح والمساواة والكرامة؛ فشعوبنا العربية أمامها مشوار طويل من أجل تجاوز الفتن الطائفية والحروب الأهلية، ثم يعرض فى هذا الفصل تحديات بناء سلام اجتماعي جديد فى بلدان الربيع العربي.

والفصل الأخير " أنظمة مقاومة الحرب الأهلية -مصر نموذجاً" يقودنا فيه المؤلف نحو مصر كذالك البلد الأكبر عربياً من حيث عدد السكان والبشر، وذات التأثير السياسي والإجتماعي الكبير على مستقبل المنطقة العربية؛ وهدفه من هذا الفصل هو معرفة دعاوي قلق البعض من سقوط  مصر فى صراع أهلي طاحن ناتج عن الصراع السياسي  الحادث  يوم 3/7/ 2013 والذى تم فيه عزل الرئيس محمد مرسي عن مقعد الرئاسة،وقد قدم المؤلف العديد من الأفكار المركزية والاستراتيجيات الجيدة بهدف مساعدة أهل مصر على تجاوز فخ الحرب الأهلية.

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