القراءة النوعية وأمهات الكتب

صورة ليلى زيرق

جمع الدكتور محمد الشنقيطي عبر حسابه على توتير عدة مؤلفات في عدة مجالات ،رأى أنها أمهات المصادر في شتى الاختصاصات معللا ذلك بأنها الكتب التي تغني عن سواها في مجالها، ولا تكفيها القراءة الواحدة.

وأضاف أن من أهم ما يجب الحرص عليه هو " القراءة النوعية"، إذ أكثر المقروءات لا تساوي الوقت الذي يبذله القارئ في قراءتها..والكتب النوعية نادرة، ويرى الأديب الروسي ديستويفسكي أن كتابا نوعيا واحدا يظهر كل 200 عاما،كما جمع الغربيون الكتب النوعية في تراثهم في 60 مجلدا ضمن سلسلة (الكتب العظيمة في الحضارة الغربية) فما أحوجنا إلى سلسلة مشابهة.

وقال أنا أقل الكتب النوعية في تراثنا نجدها في علم التفسير.. فما أكبر تفريطنا في تدبر القرآن!! ولا يعتبر الكتاب من الكتب النوعية -بالمعنى الذي نقصده هنا- إذا كان مجرد تكرار لما سبق، أو توليدا للمتداول من الأفكار، كما أن الكتب النوعية هي التي تقتحم أرضية جديدة في المضمون أو في المنهج أو في كليهما.

وينصح الدكتورالقراء قائلا:" إذا ظفرتَ بكتاب نوعيٍّ فاقرأه بتأمل أكثر من مرة، ولا تكتب ملاحظات منه في قراءتك الأولى، فهي استكشاف حرٌّ.

أما الكتب النوعية التي صنفها الدكتور الشنقيطي فهي:
1/ (الظاهرة القرآنية) ،(وجهة العالم الإسلامي) ،(مشكلة الأفكار في العالم الإسلامي)، (شروط النهضة) لمالك بن نبي .

2/ (دستورالأخلاق في القرآن) و(النبأ العظيم) و(الدين) لمحمد عبد الله دراز .

3/ (التعريف بالإسلام) و(الوثائق السياسية للعصر النبوي والخلافة الراشدة) لمحمد حميد الله .

4/(الطريق إلى مكة) و(نظام الحكم في الإسلام) لمحمد أسد .

5/ من الكتب النوعية في الفقه السياسي (الخلافة والملك) لابن تيمية، والمودودي، وعبد السلام ياسين.

6/من الكتب النوعية التي يتعين قراءتها على الجميع في عصر الربيع العربي كتاب (طبائع الاستبداد ومصارع الاستعباد) للكواكبي.

7/ في علم التاريخ وفلسفته: (دراسة في التاريخ) لأرنولد توينبي، و(محاضرات في فلسفة التاريخ) لهيجل.

8/ في الحضارة الإسلامية (أطلس الحضارة الإسلامية) لإسماعيل الفاروقي ولمياء الفاروقي.
9/ في علم التاريخ ومنهجه (التاريخ العرب والمؤرخون) لشاكر مصطفى و(علم التاريخ عند المسلمين) لفرانز روزانتال .

10/ في تاريخ الأندلس (تاريخ المغرب والأندلس) لحسين مؤنس.

11/ في الفكر(تجديد الفكر الديني في الإسلام) لمحمد إقبال، و(الإسلام بين الشرق والغرب) لعلي عزت بيغوفيتش .

12/ في التفسير: تفسير الرازي والزمخشري من الأقدمين، وتفسير ابن عاشور والشعراوي من المعاصرين .

13/ من الكتب النوعية في علم الأصول (الموافقات) للشاطبي، وقد اختصره محمد يحي الولاتي الشنقيطي في كتابه (توضيح المشكلات).

14/من الكتب النوعية في الفكر المعاصر (فلسفتنا) و(المدرسة الإسلامية) لمحمد باقر الصدر.
15/ من الكتب النوعية في علوم القرآن (مباحث في علوم القرآن) لصبحي الصالح .
16/من الكتب النوعية في الروحانيات كتب ابن الجوزري: (صيد الخاطر) و(اللطائف) و(المدهش) وغيرها من مؤلفاته الوعظية .
17/من الكتب النوعية (مقدمة ابن خلدون) وهي تقع على خطوط التّماس بين علوم شتى منها التاريخ والاجتماع والسياسة .
18/من الكتب النوعية في التفسير (تفسير ابن باديس).. ومن الخسارة الكبرى أنه لم يفسر القرآن كله.
19/اختصر جان جاك شوفاليه 12 كتابا من الكتب النوعية في الفكر السياسي في كتابه (أمهات الكتب السياسية من مكيافيلي إلى أيامنا).


احرصوا على الكتب النوعية أيها الأحبة، فإنها تبني العقل، وتغذَي الروح.. ولا تضيِّعوا أعماركم في كتب التكرار والاجترار.
مصادر المقال: 
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